Repair Hyundai Getz

Hyundai Getz. The maintenance
+ 1. Operation and maintenance service
- 2. The engine
   Technical characteristics of engines
   Specifications of engines
   Technical characteristics of engines in working volume of 1,5 and 1,6 l
   Specifications of engines in working volume of 1,5 and 1,6 l
   Technical characteristics of cars with engines in working volume 1,1
   Engines in working volume of 1,1 and 1,3 l
   Technical condition of the engine
   Broad-brush observations on repair of engines
   Removal and installation of the power unit
   The general sequence of dismantling of the engine
   Обкатка the engine after repair
   Engine check on the car after repair
   The block of cylinders
   Shatunno-piston group
   Cranked shaft and flywheel
   Head of the block of cylinders
   Camshaft and its drive
   Cooling system
   Greasing system
   The power supply system
   System of release of the fulfilled gases
   Possible malfunctions of the engine, their reason and ways of elimination
   Malfunctions of hydraulic pushers of valves
   Malfunctions of system of giving of fuel and ways of their elimination
+ 3. Transmission
+ 4. A running gear
+ 5. A steering
+ 6. Brake system
+ 7. An electric equipment
+ 8. A body
9. Electric equipment schemes


Hyundai Getz>> The engine>> The power supply system
Admission system  
The power supply system consists of the air filter, a fuel tank, the fuel pump, топливопроводов and a fuel stage with atomizers. Besides, gauges, the fuel filter and a throttle branch pipe enter into the power supply system of engines with a regulator of pressure of fuel. The fuel pump electric, погружного type is established in a fuel tank and united with the gauge of the index of level of fuel.

Cars with engines in working volume of 1,1 and 1,3 l

Fig. 2.153. The inlet pipeline and a throttle branch pipe: 1 – the inlet pipeline; 2 – a throttle branch pipe


The inlet pipeline and throttle branch pipe are shown on fig. 2.153.
Removal of elements of the power supply system

Fig. 2.154. Contact sockets of gauges of absolute pressure and position throttle заслонки: 1 – the gauge of absolute pressure; 2 – the gauge of position throttle заслонки


Fig. 2.155. A contact socket of a regulator of idling of the engine in working volume of 1,3 l


Fig. 2.156. A contact socket of a regulator of idling of the engine in working volume of 1,1 l


Separate sockets of the gauge of absolute pressure (fig. 2.154), an idling regulator (fig. 2.155 and 2.156)  and the gauge of position throttle заслонки (fig. 2.154 see).
Disconnect an air branch pipe from a throttle branch pipe.
Disconnect a cable of a drive throttle заслонки.

Fig. 2.157. A ventilation hose картера


Fig. 2.158. A hose of the vacuum amplifier of brakes


Disconnect a ventilation hose картера (fig. 2.157) and a hose of the vacuum amplifier of brakes (fig. 2.158).

Fig. 2.159. Hoses of a supply of a cooling liquid to a throttle branch pipe


Disconnect hoses of a cooling liquid from unions of a throttle branch pipe (fig. 2.159).

Fig. 2.160. Contact sockets of fuel atomizers


Disconnect contact sockets from fuel atomizers (fig. 2.160).

Fig. 2.161. A fuel stage with atomizers


Remove a fuel stage in gathering with atomizers (fig. 2.161).

Fig. 2.162. A rack of fastening of the inlet pipeline


Remove a rack of fastening of the inlet pipeline (fig. 2.162).
Remove the inlet pipeline.
Check of a technical condition
Check up a receiver on presence of defects or cracks and if necessary replace it.
Check up the inlet pipeline on presence of damages or cracks.
Check up an air hose on presence of damages or cracks.
Installation
Establish a fuel stage with atomizers.

THE PREVENTION
At installation of a fuel stage it is necessary to accept safety measures not to admit falling of atomizers.

Connect contact sockets of atomizers.
Attach a ventilation hose картера and a vacuum hose of the amplifier of brakes.
Attach an air branch pipe to a throttle branch pipe.
Attach a cable of management throttle заслонкой.
Connect sockets of a regulator of idling, gauges of absolute pressure and position throttle заслонки.

The air filter

Fig. 2.163. The air filter and branch pipes of system of an admission: 1 – a bringing branch pipe; 2 – a cover of the case of the air filter; 3 – a filtering element; 4 – the case of the air filter; 5 – an arm of fastening of the case of the air filter; 6 – compound воздухозаборный a branch pipe


The air filter is shown on fig. 2.163.
Removal
Disconnect воздухозаборный a branch pipe from the case of the air filter.
Disconnect from the case of the air filter bringing branch pipe of inlet system.
Uncover cases of the air filter and take out filtering element.

Fig. 2.164. Removal of the case of the air filter of the engine in working volume of 1,1 l


Fig. 2.165. Removal of the case of the air filter of the engine in working volume of 1,3 l


Remove the case of the air filter, having turned away fastening bolts (fig. 2.164 and 2.165).
Check of a technical condition
Check up the case, a cover and filtering element on absence коробления, corrosion or damages.
Check up воздухозаборный a branch pipe on absence of damages.
Check up, will not drive and whether the muffler of noise of an admission is damaged.

Fig. 2.166. Removal of a dust and other pollution by a purge of the top surface of a filtering element by the compressed air


Check up filtering element on capacity reduction, pollution or damage. At insignificant pollution it is possible to remove a dust and other pollution by a purge by the compressed air from the top surface of an element (fig. 2.166).
Check up the case of the air filter on a contamination, pollution or presence of damages.
Installation
Installation of the air filter is spent in an order, the return to removal.

Fig. 2.167. The air filter in gathering


The air filter in gathering is shown on fig. 2.167.

Cars with engines in working volume of 1,5 and 1,6 l

Fig. 2.168. The inlet pipeline and a throttle branch pipe: 1 – a receiver; 2 – the inlet pipeline; 3 – a throttle branch pipe


The inlet pipeline and throttle branch pipe are shown on fig. 2.168.
Removal of elements of the power supply system

Fig. 2.169. Contact sockets of gauges of absolute pressure and position throttle заслонки: 1 – the gauge of absolute pressure; 2 – the gauge of position throttle заслонки


Separate sockets of the gauge of absolute pressure (fig. 2.169), a regulator of idling and the gauge of position throttle заслонки.

Fig. 2.170. A ventilation hose картера


Fig. 2.171. A hose of the vacuum amplifier of brakes


Disconnect a ventilation hose картера (fig. 2.170) and a hose of the vacuum amplifier of brakes (fig. 2.171).

Fig. 2.172. Hoses of a supply of a cooling liquid to a throttle branch pipe


Disconnect hoses of a cooling liquid from unions of a throttle branch pipe (fig. 2.172).

Fig. 2.173. Removal of the case of the air filter of the engine


Disconnect воздухозаборный a branch pipe from the case of the air filter and remove the filter case (fig. 2.173).

Fig. 2.174. Contact sockets of fuel atomizers


Disconnect contact sockets from fuel atomizers (fig. 2.174).
Disconnect a cable of a drive throttle заслонки.

Fig. 2.175. A fuel stage with atomizers


Remove a fuel stage in gathering with atomizers (fig. 2.175).

Fig. 2.176. A rack of fastening of the inlet pipeline


Remove a rack of fastening of the inlet pipeline (fig. 2.176).
Remove the inlet pipeline in gathering and a lining of the inlet pipeline.
Check of a technical condition
Check up a receiver on absence of defects or cracks and if necessary replace it.
Check up the inlet pipeline on absence of damages or cracks.
Check up an air hose on absence of damages or cracks.
Installation
Establish the inlet pipeline with a new lining.
Establish a rack of the inlet pipeline.
Establish a fuel stage with atomizers.
Connect contact sockets of atomizers.
Attach a ventilation hose картера and a vacuum hose of the amplifier of brakes.
Attach an air branch pipe to a throttle branch pipe.
Attach a cable of management throttle заслонкой.
Connect sockets of a regulator of idling, gauges of absolute pressure and position throttle заслонки.

The air filter

Fig. 2.177. The air filter and branch pipes of system of an admission: 1 – a bringing branch pipe; 2 – a cover of the case of the air filter; 3 – a filtering element; 4 – the case of the air filter; 5 – an arm of fastening of the case of the air filter; 6 – compound воздухозаборный a branch pipe


The air filter is shown on fig. 2.177.
Removal
Disconnect воздухозаборный a branch pipe from the case of the air filter.
Disconnect from the case of the air filter bringing branch pipe of inlet system.
Uncover cases of the air filter and take out filtering element.

Fig. 2.178. Removal of the case of the air filter of the engine


Remove the case of the air filter, having turned away fastening bolts (fig. 2.178).
Check of a technical condition

Fig. 2.179. The air filter


Check up the case, a cover and filtering element (fig. 2.179)  on presence коробления, corrosion or damages.
Check up воздухозаборный a branch pipe on absence of damages.
Check up, will not drive and whether the muffler of noise of an admission is damaged.

Fig. 2.180. Removal of a dust and other pollution by a purge of the top surface of a filtering element by the compressed air


Fig. 2.181. A manometre and a hose for check of pressure of fuel (number under the catalogue of spare parts and adaptations 09353-24100)


Check up filtering element on capacity reduction, pollution or damage. At insignificant pollution it is possible to remove a dust and other pollution by a purge by the compressed air from the top surface of an element (fig. 2.181).
Check up the case of the air filter on a contamination, pollution or presence of damages.
Installation
Installation of the air filter is spent in an order, the return to removal.

Control system of the engine
On cars Hyundai Getz the electronic control system of the engine, i.e. system of the distributed injection of fuel is applied. Distributed injection is called because for each cylinder fuel is injected by a separate atomizer. The system of injection of fuel allows to lower toxicity of the fulfilled gases at improvement of road performance of the car.
There are systems of the distributed injection with a feedback and without it. In the present section the short description of the general principles of the device, work and repair of systems of injection of fuel is given only.
Engines Hyundai are equipped by a control system with a feedback. In release system it is established каталитический neutralizer and the gauge of concentration of oxygen which provides a feedback. The gauge traces concentration of oxygen in the fulfilled gases, and the controller on its signals supports such parity of air and fuel which provides the most effective work of neutralizer.
In system of injection without a feedback neutralizer and the gauge of concentration of oxygen is not established, and for adjustment of concentration WITH in the fulfilled gases serves With-potentiometer. In this system the system of catching of steams of gasoline is not applied also.
The moments of an inhaling of carving connections, Нм:
Bolts of fastening of a fuel stage..... 10–15
The gauge of concentration of oxygen..... 50–60
Bolts of fastening of the gauge of position of a cranked shaft..... 9–11
Bolt of fastening of the gauge of a detonation..... 16–25
The gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid..... 15–20
Bolts of fastening of the gauge of position throttle заслонки..... 1,5–2,5
Bolts of fastening of the case throttle заслонки to a receiver..... 15–20

The special tool and adaptations
At performance of works with a control system of the engine following adaptations can be demanded.
1. A manometre with a hose for check of pressure of fuel (fig. 2.181).

Fig. 2.182. A connecting branch pipe for a manometre of pressure of fuel (number under the catalogue of spare parts and adaptations 09353-24000)


2. A connecting branch pipe for a manometre of pressure of fuel (fig. 2.182).

Fig. 2.183. An adapter for a manometre of pressure of fuel (number under the catalogue of spare parts and adaptations 09353-3800)


3. An adapter for a manometre of pressure of fuel (fig. 2.183).

The basic malfunctions and their reasons
Definition of malfunctions always needs to be begun with the basic systems of the engine (tab. 2.3 and 2.4).

Table 2.3
Malfunctions of the engine and an order of their definition
Signs
Malfunctions
Procedure for test
The engine is not started up
At inclusion
Starter коленвал
The engine not
It is scrolled
1. Pressure of the storage battery
2. A starter
3. The switch "parking-neutral" (an automatic transmission) or the switch of blocking of a starter (a mechanical transmission
4. A flywheel (a mechanical transmission) or a leading flange (an automatic transmission
Incomplete combustion
Mixes
1. Pressure of the storage battery
2. Ignition system
3. A chain of the gauge of the mass expense of air
4. An idling regulator
5. A regulator of pressure of fuel
6. A chain of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid
7. A compression in engine cylinders
8. Piston rings
9. Installation of phases timing
10. Atomizers
11. ЭБУ the engine
The engine is started up hardly
At not heated-up
The engine
1. A chain of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid
2. Quality of fuel
3. An idling regulator
4. A regulator of pressure of fuel
5. The fuel pump
6. Топливопроводы
7. A chain of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid
8. Installation of phases timing
9. Atomizers
10. ЭБУ the engine
At the heated-up engine
1. A conditioner chain
2. An idling regulator
3. ЭБУ the engine
4. The gauge of position of a cranked shaft
In any temperature condition
The engine
1. Quality of fuel
2. Spark plugs
3. The fuel pump
4. Топливопроводы
5. Ignition system
6. A chain of the gauge of temperature of soaked up air
7. A compression in engine cylinders
8. Piston rings
9. A corner of an advancing of ignition
10. Installation of phases timing
11. Atomizers
12. ЭБУ the engine
Infringement of work of the engine idling
The raised
Turns of the single
Course
1. A drive of management of fuel giving
2. A chain of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid
3. An idling regulator
4. Atomizers
5. ЭБУ the engine
6. A conditioner chain
7. A chain of the gauge of temperature of soaked up air
8. A chain of the gauge of position throttle заслонки
The lowered
Turns of the single
Course
1. A chain of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid
2. An idling regulator
3. A chain of the gauge of the mass expense of air
4. Atomizers
5. ЭБУ the engine
The unstable
Engine work on
Single to a course
1. Quality of fuel
2. A chain of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid
3. Spark plugs
4. A regulator of pressure of fuel
5. The fuel pump
6. Топливопроводы
7. An idling regulator
8. A compression in engine cylinders
9. Piston rings
10. A corner of an advancing of ignition
11. A chain of the gauge of the mass expense of air
12. A chain of the gauge of position throttle заслонки
Faults or
The insufficient
приемистость
The engine
1. Coupling (a mechanical transmission)
2. Incomplete растормаживание wheels
3. Quality of fuel
4. Spark plugs
5. A corner of an advancing of ignition
6. A compression in engine cylinders
7. A chain of the gauge of position throttle заслонки
8. A chain of the gauge of the mass expense of air
9. A chain of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid
10. A chain of the gauge of temperature of soaked up air
11. A chain of the gauge of concentration of oxygen
12. A regulator of pressure of fuel
13. Installation of phases timing
14. The fuel pump
15. Atomizers
16. ЭБУ the engine
Infringement of work of the engine at car movement
Jerks and failures
At movement
The car
1. A regulator of pressure of fuel
2. Spark plugs
3. Quality of fuel
4. Atomizers
5. ЭБУ the engine
6. A chain of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid
Detonation in
Cylinders
The engine
1. A chain of the gauge of temperature of soaked up air
2. An idling regulator
3. Ignition system
4. ЭБУ the engine

Table 2.4
Possible malfunctions of the engine and order of their definition
Malfunction signs
Procedure for test
The engine глохнет soon after start
1. Quality of fuel
2. A regulator of pressure of fuel
3. The fuel pump
4. Топливопроводы
5. An idling regulator
6. A chain of the gauge of absolute pressure
7. A chain of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid
8. Atomizers
9. ЭБУ the engine
10. The gauge of position of a cranked shaft
The engine глохнет by pressing an accelerator pedal
1. A chain of the gauge of absolute pressure
2. A chain of the gauge of position throttle заслонки
3. Spark plugs
4. A regulator of pressure of fuel
5. Топливопроводы
6. Atomizers
7. ЭБУ control systems of the engine
8. The gauge of position of a cranked shaft
The engine глохнет at отпускании accelerator pedals
1. An idling regulator
2. A chain of the gauge of absolute pressure
3. ЭБУ the engine
4. The gauge of position of a cranked shaft
The engine глохнет at inclusion
The conditioner
1. A conditioner chain
2. An idling regulator
3. ЭБУ the engine
4. The gauge of position of a cranked shaft
The raised expense of fuel
1. Fuel leak
2. A regulator of pressure of fuel
3. A drive of management of fuel giving
4. Coupling (a mechanical transmission)
5. Wheels подтормаживаются at the released pedal of brakes
6. Spark plugs
7. A compression in engine cylinders
8. Piston rings
9. Engine valve GBTS
10. A corner of an advancing of ignition
11. A regulator
12. A chain of the gauge of temperature
Cooling liquid
13. A chain of the gauge of position
Throttle заслонки
14. A chain of the gauge of absolute pressure
15. A conditioner chain
16. A chain of the gauge of concentration of oxygen
17. A chain of the gauge of temperature of soaked up air
The engine overheats
1. Leak of a cooling liquid
2. The electrofan of system of cooling of the engine
3. The gauge of inclusion of the electrofan
4. A radiator and a radiator stopper
5. The thermostat
6. A belt of drive ГРМ
7. The water pump 8. Spark plugs
9. The oil pump
10. A head of the block of cylinders
11. The block of cylinders
12. The gauge of the index of temperature of a cooling liquid
13. A corner of an advancing of ignition
The engine badly gets warm
1. The electrofan of system of cooling of the engine
2. A radiator and a radiator stopper
3. The gauge of the index of temperature
Cooling liquid
The complicated fuelling.
Modulation and fuel flood
1. A drainage hose of a bulk mouth of a fuel tank
2. An adsorber
3. The valve of a stopping delivery of fuel

In the presence of one of following malfunctions: the engine is not started up, the engine unstably idles or the engine does not possess sufficient приемистостью – first of all check up the following.
1. Serviceability of chains of power supplies:
– The storage battery;
– Fusible inserts;
– Safety locks.
2. Connections with "weight" of a body of the car.
3. Fuel giving:
топливопроводы;
– The fuel filter;
– The fuel pump.
4. Ignition system:
– Spark plugs;
– High voltage wires;
– The ignition coil.
5. System of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases:
– System of compulsory ventilation картера;
– Depression leak.
6. In addition check up:
– A corner of an advancing of ignition;
– Frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine idling.
Malfunctions of a control system with system of the distributed injection of fuel frequently are connected by the engine with contact infringement in connections of wires. Necessarily check up all connections of wires and be convinced of their reliability.

Control values for check
Working volume of the engine, l
Value
Check conditions
Frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft idling, mines-1
1,3; 1,5; 1; 6
700100
At the included or switched off conditioner (at neutral position of the lever of a gear change or position N the lever of the selector for
1,1
850100
Cars with an automatic transmission) At the included or switched off conditioner (at neutral position of the lever of a gear change or position N the lever of the selector for cars with an automatic transmission)
Corner of an advancing of ignition idling, hailstones
1,3; 1,5; 1,6
55
At the included or switched off conditioner (at neutral position of the lever of a gear change or position N the lever of the selector for
1,1
85
Cars with an automatic transmission) At the included or switched off conditioner (at neutral position of the lever of a gear change or position N the lever of the selector for cars with an automatic transmission)

Removal, check of a technical condition and installation of elements of a control system by the engine  

THE PREVENTION
For removal of the electronic block of management (ЭБУ) preliminary remove the bottom facing of the panel of devices, operating cautiously not to scratch the panel of devices.
If the control lamp of malfunction of a control system burns with the engine and codes of malfunctions are stored in memory ЭБУ, check up codes by means of diagnostic device HI-SCAN and write down, then disconnect a  wire from the negative plug of the storage battery.


The electronic block of engine management
Removal
Establish a steering column in the top position.
Remove an upholstery of a door and face facing of the panel of devices.

Fig. 2.184. Removal of a cover of the block of safety locks


Uncover the block of safety locks (fig. 2.184).

Fig. 2.185. Screws (are designated by the arrows directed downwards) and bolts (are designated by the arrows directed upwards) of fastening ЭБУ (on выноске – a contact socket of system of self-diagnostics)


Turn away two bolts and two screws of fastening ЭБУ (fig. 2.185).

Fig. 2.186. A contact socket of system of self-diagnostics


Separate a socket of a line of data transmission, disconnect a cable of a drive of the lock of a cowl and remove the bottom facing of the panel of devices (fig. 2.186).

Fig. 2.187. ЭБУ control systems of the engine


Remove ЭБУ (fig. 2.187).
Installation spend in an order, the return to removal.

Check of a technical condition (check of frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine idling)
Check conditions:
– The temperature of a cooling liquid should be within 80–85 С;
– Illumination, the electrofan of system of cooling of the engine and all auxiliaries should be switched off;

       THE NOTE
Before idling check check up serviceability of spark plugs, atomizers, an idling regulator, a compression in engine cylinders.

– The gear change lever is established in neutral position (on cars with an automatic transmission the selector lever is established in position Р or N);
– The steering wheel is established in the position corresponding to rectilinear movement (only for cars with the steering amplifier).
Attach a control tachometre to a primary winding of the coil of ignition (follow instructions of the maintenance instruction of a tachometre) or attach device HI-SCAN to a contact socket of a line of data transmission.
Start up the engine and allow to it to work idling.
Increase frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft to 2000–3000 mines-1 for the period of more 5 with, then allow to work to the engine idling within 2 minutes
Check up on a tachometre frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft idling.
Frequency of rotation  of a cranked shaft  idling should correspond to control values for the check, resulted above.

The fuel pump
Switch off ignition.
Check up work of the fuel pump, having submitted pressure of the storage battery on conclusions of a socket of the electric motor of the pump.

       THE NOTE
The fuel pump is established in a fuel tank, therefore noise from it is audible only at the removed stopper of a bulk mouth of a tank.


Fig. 2.188. Pressure Stock-taking in a bringing fuel hose


Having compressed a hand bringing fuel hose, be convinced that it is under pressure. (Fig. 2.188).
Check up pressure of fuel.

Fig. 2.189. Лючок for access to the fuel pump from car salon (the back seat is combined)


Combine a back of a back seat, then cast away forward the combined back seat (fig. 2.189).

Fig. 2.190. Лючок for access to the fuel pump it (is opened)


Screw-driver open a cover лючка the fuel pump in the car bottom under a back seat (fig. 2.190).
For pressure dump in fuel pipelines and hoses start up the engine at the disconnected fuel pump and wait, when the engine will stop.
Disconnect a wire from the negative plug (–) the storage battery and connect a contact socket of the fuel pump.

       THE NOTE
Before to disconnect the pipeline and a hose of giving of fuel, it is necessary to dump pressure of fuel to exclude its emission.

Fig. 2.191. Connection of a manometre for measurement of pressure of fuel in system


Attach a control manometre (fig. 2.191) to the fuel filter by means of an adapter (number under the catalogue of spare parts and adaptations 09353-24000, 09353-24100, 09353-38000). Reliably tighten the union of fastening of an adapter of a manometre.
Attach a wire to the negative plug (–) the storage battery.
Include the fuel pump, having submitted pressure of the storage battery on conclusions of a contact socket of the pump.
After creation of pressure of fuel be convinced of absence of leaks of fuel through a control manometre and its connections.
Start up the engine and leave it to idle.
Check up pressure of giving of fuel.
Rating value 350 кПа (3,5 kgs/sm 2).
If pressure of giving of fuel does not correspond to norm, define the reason and eliminate malfunction, as set forth below.
Stop the engine and track pressure of fuel on a control manometre: pressure should keep approximately within 5 minutes If pressure falls, define speed of falling. Define and eliminate the pressure drop reason.
Dump pressure in топливопроводе.
Disconnect a hose and a control manometre.

THE PREVENTION
At a hose detachment cover the union with a rag to exclude fuel emission as топливопровод is under residual pressure.

Replace a sealing ring of the union of a hose.
Attach a fuel hose to a branch pipe of the fuel pump and tighten the union.
Be convinced of absence of leaks of fuel.

Replacement of the fuel filter and the fuel pump
Dump pressure in fuel pipelines and hoses, having executed the following.
Remove a pillow of a back seat and separate a contact socket of the fuel pump.
Start up the engine, wait, when it will stop, switch off ignition.

Fig. 2.192. A detachment of a wire from the negative plug of the storage battery


Disconnect a wire from the negative plug (–) the storage battery (fig. 2.192).
Connect a contact socket of the fuel pump.
Turn away bolts with an ear, keeping from проворачивания nuts of fastening of the fuel filter.

THE PREVENTION
Cover the fuel filter with a napkin for prevention вытекания the fuel which has remained in it.

Turn away bolts of fastening of the fuel filter and take out the filter from a fastening collar.
After replacement of the fuel filter be convinced of absence of leaks of fuel.

Fig. 2.193. Лючок for access to the fuel pump it (is opened)


Screw-driver open a cover лючка the fuel pump in the car bottom under a back seat (fig. 2.193).

Replacement of the terminator of a modulation (the on-off valve)  

Fig. 2.194. The modulation terminator (the on-off valve)


Disconnect a hose of tap of steams of fuel (fig. 2.194), then remove the modulation terminator.

Fig. 2.195. Adjusting position of the terminator of a modulation


Attach the modulation terminator to топливопроводам in correct position (fig. 2.195).

Replacement of the gauge of the index of level of fuel
Remove a stopper of a bulk mouth of a fuel tank for pressure dump in a tank.

Fig. 2.196. The gauge of the index of level of fuel and the fuel pump


Turn away screws of fastening of the gauge of the index of level of fuel and take out the gauge from a tank (fig. 2.196).

Check of a control system by the engine  
Malfunction of elements of a control system of the engine with the distributed injection of fuel (gauges, ЭБУ, atomizers etc.) causes a stopping delivery of fuel or its insufficient giving in engine cylinders at various modes of its work. Following malfunctions are thus possible.
1. The engine is started up hardly or not started up.
2. The engine unstably idles.
3. Road performance of the car worsens.
In the presence of one of the specified signs first of all execute usual diagnostic procedure, including check of the basic systems of the engine. After that check up elements of a control system of the engine by means of device HI-SCAN (at servicing deports of cars Hyundai).
The gauge of concentration of oxygen is connected to heating with ЭБУ экранированными wires, screens are connected to "weight" of a body for protection against hindrances against system of ignition and a radio noise. At damage of screens replace wires.
At check of loading of the generator do not disconnect a wire from the positive plug (+) the storage battery to prevent damage ЭБУ by the raised pressure.

       NOTES
Before removal or installation of any of system elements consider codes of malfunctions,  then disconnect a wire from the negative plug (-) the storage battery.
Before a detachment of a wire from the negative plug of the storage battery switch off ignition. The detachment or connection of wires of the battery at the working engine or the included ignition can cause damage of the electronic block of management.

At gymnastics of the storage battery from the external power supply disconnect a wire from the negative plug of the storage battery not to damage ЭБУ.

Control lamp of malfunction of a control system of the engine (cars with the European onboard system of diagnostics)

Fig. 2.197. A control lamp of malfunction of a control system of the engine (cars with the European onboard system of diagnostics)


Fig. 2.198. A control lamp of malfunction of a control system of the engine (cars without the European onboard system of diagnostics)


In the presence of malfunction in a control system of the engine the control lamp (fig. 2.197 and 2.198) lights up. If the found out malfunction is not shown after three consecutive cycles of work of the engine, the lamp dies away. The lamp lights up at once after ignition inclusion (without engine start-up) that specifies in its serviceability.
Conditions, at creation of any of which the control lamp lights up:
– It is faulty каталитический neutralizer;
– The engine power supply system is faulty;
– The gauge of absolute pressure is faulty;
– The  gauge of temperature  of soaked up air is faulty     ;
– The  gauge of temperature  of a cooling liquid is faulty    ;
– The gauge of position throttle заслонки is faulty ;
– The top gauge of concentration of oxygen is faulty;
– The heating of the bottom gauge of concentration of oxygen is faulty;
– The bottom gauge of concentration of oxygen is faulty;
– The heating of the top gauge of concentration of oxygen is faulty;
– Atomizers are faulty;
– Admissions of ignition of a mix;
– The gauge of position of a cranked shaft is faulty;
– The gauge of position of a camshaft is faulty;
– The system of catching of steams of fuel is faulty;
– The gauge of speed of movement of the car is faulty;
– The idling regulator is faulty;
– Power supplies chain is faulty;
– The engine management block is faulty;
– Infringement in the coding of a mechanical box of transfers / an automatic transmission;
– The acceleration gauge is faulty;
– Infringement of a signal of inquiry about inclusion of a control lamp;
– The power cascade of system of ignition is faulty.

Control lamp of malfunction of a control system of the engine (cars without the European onboard system of diagnostics)
Lighting up, the control lamp warns the driver about malfunction presence in a control system of the engine. However, if the found out malfunction is not shown after three consecutive cycles of work of the engine, the lamp dies away. The lamp lights up right after ignition inclusions (without engine start-up) that specifies in its serviceability.
Conditions, at creation of any of which the control lamp lights up:
– The warmed up gauge of concentration of oxygen is faulty;
– The gauge of absolute pressure is faulty;
– The gauge of position throttle заслонки is faulty ;
– The gauge of temperature  of a cooling liquid is faulty    ;
– The idling regulator is faulty;
– Atomizers are faulty;
– The engine management block is faulty.
For check be convinced that after inclusion of ignition the lamp burns approximately during 5 with, and then dies away.
If the lamp does not light up, the possible reason is the wire breakage, перегорание a safety lock or the lamp.

Self-diagnostics system
The engine management block gives operating commands on actuation mechanisms and processes signals from gauges (some commands and signals constantly, others – only under certain conditions). If ЭБУ finds out a deviation from norm, he writes down a diagnostic code of malfunction and gives out a signal on a contact socket of a line of data transmission. The result of diagnostics is displayed by fire of a control lamp of malfunction or on device HI-SCAN. Diagnostic codes of malfunction are stored in memory ЭБУ until on it pressure from the storage battery moves. Malfunction codes leave at a detachment of the storage battery or separation of contact socket ЭБУ or are erased by means of diagnostic device HI-SCAN.

       THE NOTE
At a detachment of a contact socket from any gauge at the included ignition in memory ЭБУ the malfunction code registers. In this case it is necessary to remove a malfunction code, having disconnected a wire from the negative plug (–) the storage battery.

Work of onboard system of diagnostics
1. If the same malfunction is found out and remains during two cycles of a trip, the control lamp of malfunction of a control system of the engine automatically lights up.
2. The control lamp of malfunction of a control system of the engine dies away, if during three cycles of successively malfunction are not found out.
3. The diagnostic code of malfunction (DTC) registers in memory ЭБУ at failure detection after two cycles successively. The control lamp of malfunction of a control system of the engine lights up at failure detection in the second cycle.
At detection of the admission of ignition of a mix the malfunction code, and a control lamp of malfunction of a control system of the engine registers lights up right after failure detections.
4. The malfunction code automatically leaves from memory ЭБУ if the same malfunction is not found out during 40 cycles.

       NOTES
The cycle of warming up of the engine corresponds to sufficient time of its work during which the temperature of a cooling liquid raises from the moment of start-up of the engine not less than on 4,5 С and reaches values not more low 70 С.
The trip cycle includes start-up of the engine and movement of the car after the beginning of adjustment of structure of a mix on signals of gauges of concentration of oxygen.

Codes of malfunctions are resulted in tab. 2.5.

Table 2.5
Diagnostic codes (codes of malfunctions) control systems of the engine
№ a code
The malfunction description
Record
впамять
ЭБУ
Control lamp
Systems
Diagnostics
Cars with the European onboard system of diagnostics
P0030
Wrong pressure of a food of a heater
The oxygen gauge (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 1)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0031
Chain of a heating element of the gauge of concentration of oxygen - the bottom level (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 1)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0032
Chain of a heating element of the gauge of concentration of oxygen - top level (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 1)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0036
Malfunction of a chain of a heating element of the gauge of concentration of oxygen (a number of cylinders 1,
The gauge 2)
ABOUT
X
P0037
Chain of a heating element of the gauge of concentration of oxygen - the bottom level (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 2)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0038
Chain of a heating element of the gauge of concentration of oxygen - top level (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 2)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0106
Discrepancy of a signal of the gauge of absolute pressure to current value
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0107
Check of the bottom level of a signal of the gauge of absolute pressure
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0108
Check of top level of a signal of the gauge of absolute pressure
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0112
Low level of a signal of the gauge of temperature of soaked up air
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0113
High level of a signal of the gauge of temperature of soaked up air
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0116
Range of measurements of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid/infringement of work
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0117
Low level of a signal of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0118
High level of a signal of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0121
Range of measurements of the gauge of position throttle work zaslonki/infringement
ABOUT
X
P0122
Low level of a signal of the gauge of position throttle заслонки
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0123
High level of a signal of the gauge of position throttle заслонки
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0130
Malfunction of a chain of the gauge of concentration of oxygen (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 1)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0131
Low level of a signal of the warmed gauge of concentration of oxygen (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 1)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0132
High level of a signal of the warmed gauge of concentration of oxygen (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 1)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0133
Increased time of reaction of the warmed gauge of concentration of oxygen (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 1)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0134
The gauge of concentration of oxygen does not operate
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0136
Malfunction of a chain of the gauge of concentration of oxygen (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 2)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0137
Low level of a signal of the warmed gauge of concentration of oxygen (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 2)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0138
High level of a signal of the warmed gauge of concentration of oxygen (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 2)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0140
Check of a range of measurements of the gauge of concentration of oxygen
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0171
Mix repauperization (a number of cylinders 1)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0172
Mix reenrichment (a number of cylinders 1)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0230
Malfunction of a chain of the fuel pump
ABOUT
X
P0261
Low level of an operating signal on an atomizer (1st cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0264
Low level of an operating signal on an atomizer (2nd cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0267
Low level of an operating signal on an atomizer (3rd cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0270
Low level of an operating signal on an atomizer (4th cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0262
High level of an operating signal on an atomizer (1st cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0265
High level of an operating signal on an atomizer (2nd cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0268
High level of an operating signal on an atomizer (3rd cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0271
High level of an operating signal on an atomizer (4th cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0300
Casual admissions of ignition of a mix
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0301
Admissions of ignition of a mix (1st cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0302
Admissions of ignition of a mix (2nd cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0303
Admissions of ignition of a mix (3rd cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0304
Admissions of ignition of a mix (4th cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0325
Malfunction of a chain of the gauge of a detonation (a number of cylinders 1)
ABOUT
X
P0335
Malfunction of a chain of the gauge of position of a cranked shaft
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0336
Signal of the gauge of position of a cranked shaft out of admission limits
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0340
Malfunction of a chain of the gauge of position of a camshaft
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0420
Decrease in efficiency of the basic каталитического neutralizer (a number of cylinders 1)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0444
Breakage in a chain of the electromagnetic valve of a purge of an adsorber
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0445
Short circuit in a chain of the electromagnetic valve of a purge of an adsorber
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0501
Range of measurement of the gauge of speed of movement / work infringement
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0506
Low frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine idling
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0507
High frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine idling
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0562
Low level of pressure of an onboard network of the car
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0563
High level of pressure of an onboard network of the car
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0605
Error of constant STORAGE EBU
ABOUT
X
P1307
Malfunction of the gauge of acceleration
ABOUT
ABOUT
P1308
Low level of a signal of the gauge of acceleration
ABOUT
ABOUT
P1309
High level of a signal of the gauge of acceleration
ABOUT
ABOUT
P1505
Low level of a signal on a winding №1 regulators of idling
ABOUT
ABOUT
P1506
High level of a signal on a winding №1 regulators of idling
ABOUT
ABOUT
P1507
Low level of a signal on a winding №2 regulators of idling
ABOUT
ABOUT
P1508
High level of a signal on a winding №2 regulators of idling
ABOUT
ABOUT
P1586
Discrepancy of a chain of a coding signal
ABOUT
ABOUT
P1690
Malfunction of immobilizer SMATRA
ABOUT
X
P1691
Malfunction of immobilizer Antena
ABOUT
X
P1693
Malfunction транспондера an immobilizer
ABOUT
X
P1694
Error of the block of engine management
ABOUT
X
P1695
Error ЭС ROM (электрически erased ROM)
ABOUT
X
Cars without the European onboard system of diagnostics
P0031
Chain of a heating element of the oxygen gauge, the bottom level (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 1)
ABOUT
X
P0032
Chain of a heating element of the oxygen gauge, top level (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 1)
ABOUT
X
P0107
Check of the bottom level of a signal of the gauge of absolute pressure
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0108
Check of top level of a signal of the gauge of absolute pressure
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0112
Low level of a signal of the gauge of temperature of soaked up air
ABOUT
X
P0113
High level of a signal of the gauge of temperature
Soaked up air
ABOUT
X
P0116
Range of measurements of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid/infringement of work
ABOUT
X
P0117
Low level of a signal of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid
ABOUT
ABOUT
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0118
High level of a signal of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid
ABOUT
X
P0121
Range of measurements of the gauge of position throttle work zaslonki/infringement
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0122
Low level of a signal of the gauge of position throttle заслонки
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0123
High level of a signal of the gauge of position throttle заслонки
ABOUT
X
P0130
Malfunction of a chain of the oxygen gauge (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 1)
ABOUT
X
P0131
Low level of a signal of the warmed oxygen gauge (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 1)
ABOUT
X
P0132
High level of a signal of the warmed oxygen gauge (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 1)
ABOUT
X
P0133
Increased time of reaction of the warmed oxygen gauge (a number of cylinders 1, the gauge 1)
ABOUT
X
P0134
The gauge of concentration of oxygen does not operate
ABOUT
X
P0171
Mix repauperization (a number of cylinders 1)
ABOUT
X
P0172
Mix reenrichment (a number of cylinders 1)
ABOUT
X
P0230
Malfunction of a chain of the fuel pump
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0261
Low level of an operating signal on an atomizer (1st cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0264
Low level of an operating signal on an atomizer (2nd cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0267
Low level of an operating signal on an atomizer (3rd cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0270
Low level of an operating signal on an atomizer (4th cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0262
High level of an operating signal on an atomizer (1st cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0265
High level of an operating signal on an atomizer (2nd cylinder)
ABOUT
ABOUT
P0268
High level of an operating signal on an atomizer (3rd cylinder)

ABOUT
ABOUT

ABOUT
X
P0271
High level of an operating signal on an atomizer (4th cylinder)
ABOUT
X
P0325
Malfunction of a chain of the gauge of a detonation (a number of cylinders 1)
ABOUT
X
P0335
Malfunction of a chain of the gauge of position of a cranked shaft
ABOUT
X
P0336
Signal of the gauge of position of a cranked shaft out of admission limits
ABOUT
X
P0340
Malfunction of a chain of the gauge of position of a camshaft
ABOUT
X
P0501
Range of measurement of the gauge of speed of movement/infringement of work
ABOUT
X
P0506
Low frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine idling
ABOUT
X
P0507
High frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine idling
ABOUT
X
P0562
Low level of pressure of an onboard network of the car
ABOUT
X
P0563
High level of pressure of an onboard network of the car
ABOUT
X
P0605
Error of constant STORAGE EBU
ABOUT
X
P1505
Low level of a signal on a winding №1 regulators of idling
ABOUT
ABOUT
P1506
High level of a signal on a winding №1 regulators of idling
ABOUT
ABOUT
P1507
Low level of a signal on a winding №2 regulators of idling
ABOUT
ABOUT
P1508
High level of a signal on a winding №2 regulators of idling
ABOUT
ABOUT
P1586
Discrepancy of a chain of a coding signal
ABOUT
X
P1690
Malfunction of immobilizer SMATRA
ABOUT
X
P1691
Malfunction of immobilizer Antena
ABOUT
X
P1693
Malfunction транспондера an immobilizer
ABOUT
X
P1694
Error of the block of engine management
ABOUT
X
P1695
Malfunction ЭС ROM (электрически erased ROM)
ABOUT
X

Arrangement of elements of a control system of the engine

Fig. 2.199. An arrangement of elements of a control system the engine in working volume of 1,1 l: 1 – the gauge of absolute pressure (MAP); 2 – the gauge of temperature of soaked up air (IAT); 3 – the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid (EATS); 4 – the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS); 5 – the gauge of position of a camshaft (СМР); 6 – the gauge of position of a cranked shaft (СКР); 7 – the warmed up gauge of concentration of oxygen (HO2S); 8 – an atomizer; 9 – an idling regulator (ISA); 10 – the gauge of speed of movement of the car; 11 – the detonation gauge; 14 – the relay of inclusion of the conditioner; 15 – the electromagnetic valve of a purge of an adsorber (PCSV); 16 – the main relay of a food of system of injection of fuel; 17 – the ignition coil; 19 – the acceleration gauge


Fig. 2.200. An arrangement of elements of a control system the engine in working volume of 1,3 l: 1 – the gauge of absolute pressure (MAP); 2 – the gauge of temperature of soaked up air (IAT); 3 – the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid (EATS); 4 – the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS); 5 – the gauge of position of a camshaft (СМР); 6 – the gauge of position of a cranked shaft (СКР); 7 – the warmed up gauge of concentration of oxygen; 8 – an atomizer; 9 – an idling regulator (ISA); 10 – the gauge of speed of movement of the car; 11 – the detonation gauge; 14 – the relay of inclusion of the conditioner; 15 – the electromagnetic valve of a purge of an adsorber (PCSV); 16 – the main relay of a food of system of injection of fuel; 17 – the ignition coil; 19 – the acceleration gauge


Fig. 2.201. An arrangement of elements of a control system the engine in working volume of 1,5 and 1,6 l: 1 – the gauge of absolute pressure (MAP); 2 – the gauge of temperature of soaked up air (IAT); 3 – the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid (EATS); 4 – the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS); 5 – the gauge of position of a camshaft (СМР); 6 – the gauge of position of a cranked shaft (СКР); 7 – the warmed up gauge of concentration of oxygen; 8 – an atomizer; 9 – an idling regulator (ISA); 10 – the gauge of speed of movement of the car; 11 – the detonation gauge; 14 – the relay of inclusion of the conditioner; 15 – the electromagnetic valve of a purge of an adsorber (PCSV); 16 – the main relay of a food of system of injection of fuel; 17 – the ignition coil; 19 – the acceleration gauge


Fig. 2.202. An arrangement of elements of a control system of the engine in car salon: 12 – the ignition switch; 13 – the electronic block of engine management (ЕСМ); 18 – a contact socket of a line of data transmission


The arrangement of elements of a control system is shown by the engine on fig. 2.199, 2.200, 2.201, 2.202.

       THE NOTE
For all drawings the identical digital designation of elements of a control system the engine, having an identical functional purpose is accepted.

Elements of a control system of the engine

Fig. 2.203. Gauges of a control system of the engine: 1 – the gauge of absolute pressure (MAP); 2 – the gauge of temperature of soaked up air (IAT); 3 – the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS)


Fig. 2.204. The gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid


Fig. 2.205. The gauge of position of a camshaft and the ignition coil


Fig. 2.206. The gauge of position of a cranked shaft


Fig. 2.208. The detonation gauge


Fig. 2.207. The gauge of concentration of oxygen


Fig. 2.209. The electronic block of engine management


Fig. 2.210. The relay of a control system of the engine: 14 – the relay of inclusion of the conditioner; 16 – the main relay of a food of system of injection of fuel


Fig. 2.211. Atomizers


Fig. 2.212. An idling regulator


Fig. 2.213. The acceleration gauge


Fig. 2.214. The gauge of speed of movement of the car


Fig. 2.215. Numbering of conclusions of contact socket ЭБУ


Elements of a control system are shown by the engine on fig. 2.203, 2.204, 2.205, 2.206, 2.207, 2.208, 2.209, 2.210, 2.211, 2.212, 2.213, 2.214, 2.215.

The gauge of absolute pressure
The gauge of absolute pressure (MAP) is executed in the form of the variable resistor sensitive to change of pressure. The gauge measures changes of pressure in the inlet pipeline depending on change of loading and frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine and will transform them to pressure of a target signal. The gauge measures also barometric pressure at the moment of start-up of the engine and under some conditions provides ЭБУ possibility automatically to be adjusted on different values of height above sea level. ЭБУ submits on the gauge pressure of a food 5 In and processes the signals of the gauge transferred on a chain of a signal transmission. The gauge is connected to "weight" through the built in variable resistor. Depending on gauge EBU signal regulates duration of giving of fuel and a corner of an advancing of ignition.
The control lamp of malfunction of a control system of the engine lights up or on device HI-SCAN are displayed
Diagnostic codes of malfunctions in following cases.
1. During 0,1 with the ambassador of inclusion of ignition pressure in the inlet pipeline less than 118 мбар.
2. At frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft below 1980 mines-1 pressure in the inlet pipeline less than 118 мбар.
3. At the released pedal of an accelerator pressure in the inlet pipeline not less than 986 мбар, and frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft not below 2400 mines-1 (as though the car moved downwards on a bias).
Check.

Fig. 2.216. The scheme of connections with ЭБУ the gauge of absolute pressure


Check up pressure on conclusions 1 and 4 contact sockets of the gauge of absolute pressure (fig. 2.216).
Conclusion 4 – "weight" of the gauge of absolute pressure.
Conclusion 1 – an exit of the gauge of absolute pressure.
Condition of the engine the  Current strength, And
Ignition is included..... 4–5
Idling................. 1,140,4
At a deviation of pressure from norm replace the gauge of absolute pressure.

The gauge of temperature of soaked up air
The gauge of temperature of soaked up air (IAT), built in the gauge of absolute pressure, is the gauge термисторного the type, taking air temperature on an engine admission. Under the information on temperature of air from gauge EBU regulates quantity of injected fuel.
The control lamp of malfunction of a control system of the engine lights up or on device HI-SCAN diagnostic codes of malfunctions in a case, when  air temperature    on an    engine admission    more low–40 or above +120 С are deduced          .

Fig. 2.217. The scheme of connections of the gauge of temperature of soaked up air with ЭБУ


Check. A multimeter check up resistance of the gauge of temperature of soaked up air on conclusions 3 and 4 (fig. 2.217).
At the included ignition:
Air temperature, С  Resistance, a clod
04................ 5–7,5
20................ 2,0–3,0
40................ 0,7–1,6
80................ 0,2–0,4
At a deviation of resistance from norm replace the gauge of temperature of soaked up air.

The gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid

Fig. 2.218. The gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid


The gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid is shown on fig. 2.218.

Fig. 2.219. The scheme of connections of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid with ЭБУ (engines in working volume 1,3; 1,5 and 1,6)


Fig. 2.220. The scheme of connections of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid with ЭБУ (engines in working volume 1,1)


The gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid is established in the pipeline of a cooling liquid on a head of the block of cylinders. It takes temperature of a cooling liquid and gives out a signal on the engine management block. The gauge is executed in a kind термистора, sensitive to temperature change. Electric resistance of the gauge decreases with rise in temperature. ЭБУ defines temperature of a cooling liquid on value of pressure of a signal of the gauge and establishes optimum enrichment топливовоздушной mixes at engine warming up (fig. 2.219, 2.220).
Check. Remove the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid from the inlet pipeline.

Fig. 2.221. Check of resistance of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid


Check up resistance of the gauge, having shipped its sensitive element in hot water (fig. 2.221).
Temperature, С  Resistance, a clod
–30........ 22,22–31,78
–10........ 8,16–10,74
0............ 5,18–6,60
20.......... 2,27–2,73
40.......... 1,059–1,281
60.......... 0,538–0,650
80.......... 0,298–0,322
90.......... 0,219–0,243
At a deviation of resistance from norm replace the gauge.
Installation. Put on a carving part of the gauge hermetic LOCTITE 962T or similar.
Wrap the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid and tighten its moment
15–20 Нм.
Reliably connect a contact socket of wires of the gauge.

The gauge of position throttle заслонки

Fig. 2.222. The gauge of position throttle заслонки


The gauge of position throttle заслонки is shown on fig. 2.222.
The gauge of position throttle заслонки is executed on the variable resistor which rotates with an axis throttle заслонки, measuring a corner of its opening. Axis rotation заслонки causes change of pressure of a signal of the gauge on which the engine management block defines degree of opening throttle заслонки.
1. The information from the gauge of position throttle заслонки is important for management of an automatic transmission. Malfunction of the gauge can cause jerks at a gear change and other infringements of work of an automatic transmission.
2. At infringement of work of the engine idling or deterioration of dynamics of dispersal check up connection of a contact socket of the gauge. At bad connection of a contact socket of the gauge the data deduced by device HI-SCAN, can specify in absence of transition to an idling mode at the released pedal of an accelerator. It will lead to infringement of work of the engine idling and to deterioration of dynamics of dispersal.
3. At the included ignition pressure of a signal from the gauge more low 0,1 In or above 4,7 In leads to fire of a control lamp.
Check. Separate a contact socket of the gauge of position throttle заслонки.

Fig. 2.223. The scheme of connections with ЭБУ the gauge of position throttle заслонки


Check up resistance on contacts 2 ("weight" of the gauge) and 3 (a gauge food) a contact socket of the gauge (fig. 2.223).
Rating value of resistance 0,7–3,0 clod.

Fig. 2.224. The scheme of connections at check of the gauge of position throttle заслонки


Attach an analogue ohmmeter to contacts 2 ("weight" of the gauge) and 1 (a gauge signal) a contact socket of the gauge (fig. 2.224).
Slowly moving throttle заслонку from idling position to position of full opening, watch smoothness of change of resistance to proportionally corner of opening заслонки.
At a deviation of resistance from norm or its not smooth change replace the gauge of position throttle заслонки.
The moment of an inhaling of the gauge of position throttle заслонки 1,5–2,5 Нм.

The gauge of position of a camshaft

Fig. 2.225. The scheme of connections with ЭБУ the gauge of position of a camshaft


The gauge of position of a camshaft (СМР) defines ВМТ a step of compression of the piston of the first cylinder. The gauge signal is used by the block of engine management for definition of sequence of injection of fuel (fig. 2.225).
At gauge check use tab. 2.6.

Table 2.6
Check of pressure of a signal of the gauge of position of a camshaft
Check conditions
Control values, In (Hz)
Idling
0-5 (5-8)
At frequency of rotation
Cranked shaft of 3000 mines-1
0-5 (24-26)

The gauge of position of a cranked shaft

Fig. 2.226. The gauge of position of a cranked shaft of the engine


The gauge of position of a cranked shaft of the engine is shown on fig. 2.226.
The gauge of position of a cranked shaft of the engine, consisting of a magnet and a winding, is established at a gear wreath of a flywheel. On a signal of the gauge the engine management block defines frequency of rotation and position of a cranked shaft.
Check. Separate a contact socket of the gauge of position of a cranked shaft of the engine.

Fig. 2.227. The scheme of connections with ЭБУ the gauge of position of a cranked shaft (engines in working volume 1,3; 1,5 and 1,6)


Fig. 2.228. The scheme of connections with ЭБУ the gauge of position of a cranked shaft (engines in working volume 1,1)


Check up resistance between contacts 1 and 2 (fig. 2.227 and 2.228).
Nominal resistance makes 0,486–0,594 clod at temperature 20 С.
If resistance falls outside the limits the specified interval, replace the gauge.
Adjusting backlash of the gauge of position of a cranked shaft of the engine of 0,5-1,5 mm.  
The moment of an inhaling of the gauge of position of a cranked shaft of the engine 9–11 Нм.

The gauge of concentration of oxygen (warmed)

Fig. 2.229. The gauge of concentration of oxygen


Fig. 2.230. The scheme of connections of the gauge of concentration of oxygen with ЭБУ (engines in working volume 1,3; 1,5 and 1,6)


Fig. 2.231. The scheme of connections of the gauge of concentration of oxygen with ЭБУ (engines in working volume 1,1)


The warmed gauge of concentration of oxygen (fig. 2.229) measures the oxygen maintenance in the fulfilled gases and will transform the measured size to pressure of a signal which stands out on the engine management block (fig. 2.230 and 2.231). At enrichment топливовоздушной above settlement pressure of a signal of the warmed gauge makes mixes nearby 800 мВ, and at poorer mix (большем the oxygen maintenance in the fulfilled gases) – nearby 100 мВ. Using gauge signals, ЭБУ operates fuel injection so that to receive settlement structure топливовоздушной mixes.
At malfunction of the gauge toxicity of the fulfilled gases can sharply raise.
If the gauge is serviceable, but pressure of its signal (tab. 2.7) does not correspond to norm, be convinced of absence of following malfunctions of system of regulation of structure of a working mix:
– Malfunction of atomizers;
подсос air in the inlet pipeline;
– Malfunction of the gauge of the mass expense of air, the valve of a purge of an adsorber and the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid;
– Malfunction of conducting.

Table 2.7
Check of pressure of a signal of the gauge of concentration of oxygen (at the heated-up engine)
Engine condition
Control value, мВ
Sharp dump of frequency
Not above 200
Rotations from 4000 mines-1
Sharp increase in frequency ращения
600-1000

       THE NOTE
At sharp отпускании pedals of an accelerator after engine work at frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft about 4000 mines-1 fuel giving quickly stops also device HI-SCAN shows values not above 200 мВ. By sharp pressing a pedal of an accelerator of the indication will pass in an interval 600–1000 мВ. At decrease in frequency of rotation to idling pressure of a signal will fluctuate from 200 мВ to 600 мВ. In this case it is possible to consider the gauge serviceable.


Fig. 2.232. An atomizer


Fig. 2.233. The scheme of connections of atomizers with ЭБУ


Atomizers (fig. 2.232) inject fuel on operating signals from the engine management block. The quantity of fuel injected by an atomizer is defined by time during which on the electromagnetic valve of an atomizer operating pressure (fig. 2.233 moves).
1. Insufficient pressure of fuel and fuel leak through atomizers can be the possible reasons of the complicated start-up of the hot engine.
2. If atomizers do not work at прокручивании a cranked shaft of the engine as a starter, check up, whether there are no following malfunctions:
– Malfunction of feed circuit ЭБУ or chains of connection with "weight";
– Malfunction of the main relay of a control system of the engine;
– Malfunction of the gauge  of position  of a cranked shaft or the gauge of position of a camshaft.
3. If frequency of rotation of idling of the engine does not vary at serial switching-off of atomizers, check up on the corresponding cylinder the following:
– Atomizers and their wires;
– Spark plugs and high voltage wires;
– A compression in the cylinder.
4. If the injection system is serviceable, but duration of injection does not correspond to norm, check up, whether completely burns down a mix (serviceability of candles and the coil
Ignitions, a compression in engine cylinders etc.).
5. The control lamp of malfunction burns or on device HI-SCAN the malfunction code is deduced at malfunction of an atomizer.
Check. Working capacity check by means of device HI-SCAN:
– Serially include atomizers;
– Check up duration of injection of fuel atomizers.

Fig. 2.234. Check of working capacity of an atomizer on hearing by means of a stethoscope


It is possible to check up working capacity on hearing. For this purpose by means of a stethoscope hear to clicks of work of atomizers idling (fig. 2.234). Be convinced that frequency of repetition of clicks raises with increase in frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine.

       THE NOTE
Listening spend so that clicks were not transferred on a fuel stage from the next atomizer to an idle atomizer.


Fig. 2.235. Check of working capacity of an atomizer by a finger


In the absence of a stethoscope check up work of atomizers, putting to them a finger (fig. 2.235). If thus vibration is not felt, check up a contact socket, an atomizer or receipt of an operating signal from the engine management block.

Fig. 2.236. Resistance check on atomizer conclusions


For resistance check on atomizer conclusions separate a contact socket of an atomizer and check up resistance on its conclusions (fig. 2.236).
The rating value makes (15,90,35) the Ohm at temperature 20 С.
Connect a  contact socket of an atomizer.

Idling regulator

Fig. 2.237. An idling regulator


Fig. 2.238. The scheme of connections with ЭБУ an idling regulator


The idling regulator (fig. 2.237) is equipped by two windings and copes separate cascades of management ЭБУ (fig. 2.238). Depending on factor of filling of sequence of impulses balance of magnetic forces on both windings under which action the regulator electric motor turns on different corners is created. The idling regulator is established in the air channel executed in parallel to the case throttle заслонки.
Check. Separate a contact socket of a regulator of idling.
Check up resistance between regulator conclusions.
Nominal resistance at measurement between conclusions 1 and 2 makes
10,5–14,0 Ohm, at measurement between conclusions 2 and 3 – 10–12 Ohm at 20 С.
Connect a contact socket of a regulator of idling.

The gauge of speed of movement of the car

Fig. 2.239. The scheme of connections with ЭБУ the gauge of speed of movement of the car


The gauge of speed of movement of the car represents the gauge of the Hall established opposite to a target shaft of a transmission. The gauge will transform frequency of rotation of a shaft of a transmission to the pulse signal which is given out on the block of engine management (fig. 2.239).
In the presence of breakage or short circuit in a chain of the gauge of speed of movement the engine can decay at delay of the car to a full stop.

The detonation gauge

Fig. 2.240. The detonation gauge


Fig. 2.241. The scheme of connections of the gauge of a detonation with ЭБУ


The detonation gauge (fig. 2.240) is established on the block of cylinders. Vibration of the block of cylinders arising at a detonation is transferred in the form of pressure upon a piezoelectric element of the gauge. This vibrating pressure will be transformed to pressure of the signal which is given out on the block of engine management (fig. 2.241). The arising detonation chokes by reduction of a corner of an advancing of ignition.

Fig. 2.242. The scheme of check of resistance of the gauge of a detonation


Check. Separate a contact socket of the gauge and check up resistance between conclusions 1 and 2 (fig. 2.242).
Nominal resistance – nearby 5 МОм at temperature 20 С.
If the ohmmeter shows chain presence, replace the detonation gauge.
The moment of an inhaling of the gauge of a detonation 16–25 Нм.
Check up capacity between conclusions 1 and 2.
Nominal resistance 800-1600 пФ.

The electronic block of management

Fig. 2.243. The electronic block of management


The electronic block of management is shown on fig. 2.243.

Fig. 2.244. The scheme of connections ЭБУ with "weight"


Check up connection of the electronic block of a control system by the engine with "weight" (fig. 2.244).

The switch and the conditioner relay

Fig. 2.245. The Installation site of the relay of the conditioner


Fig. 2.246. The scheme of connections of the relay of the conditioner and ЭБУ


At conditioner inclusion pressure of the storage battery from the conditioner switch on the engine management block (fig. 2.245) moves. Having received a signal of inclusion of the conditioner, ЭБУ gives out a command on a regulator of idling and includes the power transistor of system of ignition (fig. 2.246). After that a food moves on a winding of the power relay of the conditioner which works and includes electromagnetic муфту the conditioner compressor (fig. 2.246 see).

The electromagnetic valve of a purge of an adsorber  

Fig. 2.247. The electromagnetic valve of a purge of an adsorber


Fig. 2.248. The scheme of connections of the electromagnetic valve of a purge of an adsorber and ЭБУ


The electromagnetic valve of a purge of an adsorber (fig. 2.247) on-off, operates giving of blowing-off air through an adsorber (fig. 2.248).

The main relay of a food of a control system of the engine

Fig. 2.249. The scheme of connections of the main relay of a food of a control system of the engine and ЭБУ


At inclusion of ignition a food from the storage battery moves on the block of engine management, an atomizer, the gauge of absolute pressure etc. At the included ignition a chain of the switch of ignition incorporates to "weight" through a winding of the main relay of a food (fig. 2.249).

Fig. 2.250. The scheme of check of the main relay of a food of a control system of the engine


Check. Check up an integrity of a chain of contacts of the relay on conclusions 5 (+) and 1 (–) (fig. 2.250).
Relay winding (conclusions 2 and 4) chain Presence
It is not raised..... No
возбужденае........ Is
At failure detection replace the main relay of a control system with the engine.
The moment of an inhaling of the main relay of a control system of the engine 7–11 Нм.

The ignition coil

Fig. 2.251. The ignition coil


Fig. 2.252. The scheme of connections of the coil of ignition and ЭБУ


On command from the engine management block the power transistor of system of ignition joins. ЭБУ gives out an operating signal on the ignition coil (fig. 2.25), the current through a primary winding of the coil of ignition sharply interrupts (fig. 2.252). As a result in its secondary winding the high voltage impulse is induced.

The fuel pump

Fig. 2.253. The fuel pump


Fig. 2.254. The scheme of connections of the fuel pump


The location of the fuel pump is shown on fig. 2.253, the scheme of connections of the fuel pump – on fig. 2.254.

The acceleration gauge

Fig. 2.255. The acceleration gauge


Fig. 2.256. The scheme of connections of the gauge of acceleration and ЭБУ


The acceleration gauge (fig. 2.255) serves for definition of difficult road conditions. The gauge signal is used by the block of engine management for the prevention of false detection of admissions of ignition топливовоздушной mixes (fig. 2.256).
Check consists in definition of pressure of a signal of the gauge of acceleration (tab. 2.8).

Table 2.8
Check of pressure of a signal of the gauge of acceleration
Check conditions
Control value
The engine works on
Single to a course
2,3-2,7 AND
Ignition is switched off
0 IN

Drive of management of fuel giving   

Fig. 2.257. A drive of management of fuel giving: 1 – a cable of a drive throttle заслонки; 2 – a returnable spring; 3 – an arm of the lever of a pedal of an accelerator; 4 – an accelerator pedal


The drive of management is shown by fuel giving on fig. 2.257.
Removal

Fig. 2.258. Bolts of fastening of the plug of a cable of a drive throttle заслонки


Remove the plug (fig. 2.258) and an internal part of a cable from outside the lever of a pedal of an accelerator.

Fig. 2.259. Bolts of fastening of an arm of the lever of a pedal of an accelerator


Separate a contact socket of the switch of a pedal of an accelerator, turn away bolts of fastening of an arm of the lever of a pedal of an accelerator (fig. 2.259)  and remove an accelerator pedal.
Check of a technical condition
Check up the following:
– Internal and external parts of a cable on presence of damages;
– Smoothness of moving of a cable;
– The lever of a pedal of an accelerator on presence of deformations;
– A returnable spring on presence of damages;
– Joining of the plug to the metal holder;
– Working capacity of the switch of a pedal of an accelerator.
Installation

Fig. 2.260. Places of drawing universal консистентной greasings


At installation of a returnable spring and the lever of a pedal of an accelerator put universal консистентную greasing in all points of a friction of the lever (fig. 2.260).

Fig. 2.261. Places of drawing of hermetic (are shown by arrows)


Put hermetic in apertures under bolts of fastening of an arm of the lever of a pedal of an accelerator (fig. 2.261)  and tighten bolts the moment 8–12 Нм.
Reliably establish the plastic plug of a cable of management throttle заслонкой on the end of the lever of a pedal.

Fig. 2.262. A place of drawing universal консистентной greasings on a tip of a cable of a drive of an accelerator


Put universal greasing on a cable tip (fig. 2.262).

That it is necessary to know to the owner of the car with инжекторным the engine  
Inzhektornye motors surpass carburettor in many parametres, to take at least their profitability and problemless start-up in a frost. Nevertheless carburettor under our conditions sometimes appear more advantageous. Some motor-car manufacturers even deliver on our market cars with such engines. All business in quality of gasoline which sell at us.
The inzhektornyj engine is calculated on high-grade gasoline which on our refuellings you will find infrequently. Besides different systems of injection have the specific features, they are necessary for considering at car operation. And in our market it is a lot of such systems: mechanical –
K-Jetronic (KE-Jetronic), electromechanical – L-Jetronic and electronic – Motronic, Lucas, Magneti Marelli.
Many systems have two operating modes: the basic and emergency, used at malfunction of one of gauges. The driver can and not notice such malfunction: on the panel of devices there is no corresponding control lamp, and the engine continues to work (but any more in an optimum mode). Similar quite often happens on cars Audi equipped with engines with the central injection of fuel. About third of the motorists having such cars, do not guess at all that go in emergency operation. And it conducts to the raised expense of fuel, decrease in capacity, rough work of the engine and the complicated start-up. Malfunction comes to light only at the next maintenance service. Therefore on "the weak" places of systems of injection shown under our conditions, it is necessary to dwell.
Systems with mechanical injection. They in a greater degree, than others, are subject to physical deterioration. The regulator of pressure of fuel refuses usually through 80-120 thousand in km of run (engine start-up considerably worsens), atomizers – through 60-80 thousand in km (rough work of the motor, the raised expense of fuel). Refusal of atomizers is especially artful, as it will notice not at once. For diagnostics and repair the special equipment is required.
Sore point of systems with electromechanical injection – подсос air through the numerous vacuum hoses tending to растрескиванию after 4–5 years of service. Especially on cars VMW and in some smaller degree on Аudi. To define such defect difficult enough.
Electronic systems of injection. At them the problems. For example, the accumulator "has sat down", and you on an old habit have decided to "light" from other car. The electronic block of management of system of injection as a result fails. And application этилированного gasoline, in turn, puts out of commission the gauge of concentration of oxygen (ljambda-probe) and каталитический neutralizer.
As a whole both mechanical, and electronic systems of injection have the pluses and minuses. At mechanical the thicket is refused by gasoline pumps and dozatory-distributors.
At electronic the gasoline pump is more durable and is cheaper, but elimination of any malfunction of the electronic block of management will cost rather expensively. Besides, the reasons for failure of any system at us, alas, more than in Europe: poor-quality gasoline, a dirt on roads and chemicals which strew in the winter. Therefore it is necessary to listen to recommendations of experts. If there is a possibility, for removal of a moisture from топливопроводов at each refuelling fill in in a tank a special preparation; through everyone
10 000-15 000 km of run do full washing of system of injection.

System of giving of fuel

Fig. 2.263. A fuel tank: 1, 3 – covers; 2 – a high pressure hose; 4 – the fuel pump; 5 – a stopper of a bulk mouth; 6 – шлаги the double-thread valve; 7 – the double-thread valve; 8 – the holder; 9 – the valve отсечки fuel; 10 – a valve cover отсечки fuel


The system of giving of fuel consists of a fuel tank (fig. 2.263), the fuel pump, the fuel filter, топливопроводов and a fuel stage with atomizers.
Fuel tank
Removal

Fig. 2.264. Лючок the fuel pump in the body bottom


Combine a back of a back seat on a pillow, then cast away the combined seat forward (fig. 2.264).
Screw-driver open лючок the fuel pump in the body bottom.
For pressure dump in топливопроводах and hoses disconnect a contact socket from the fuel pump, start up the engine and wait, when it will stop.

       THE NOTE
For prevention of emission of fuel before a detachment топливопровода and a hose of giving of fuel dump pressure in system.

Disconnect a wire from "the minus" plug of the storage battery.

Fig. 2.265. Лючок it (is opened) the fuel pump in the body bottom


Disconnect a hose of a high pressure from the target union of the fuel filter (fig. 2.265), disconnect a conductor of tap of a static electricity.

THE PREVENTION
For prevention of emission of fuel under the influence of residual pressure cover connection of a hose by rags.

Establish the car on the lift.
Disconnect from a tank a bulk hose and переливную a tube.
Establish under a tank a jack.

Fig. 2.266. Collars of fastening of a fuel tank to the bottom of a body of the car


Remove collars of fastening of a fuel tank to the bottom of a body of the car (fig. 2.266).
Accurately remove a fuel tank.
Check of a technical condition
Check up the following:
– Hoses and pipelines on absence of cracks or damages;
– Serviceability of a stopper of a bulk mouth of a tank;
– A fuel tank on absence of deformation, corrosion or cracks;
– Absence in a tank  of a dirt and extraneous subjects;
– The internal filter of a tank on absence of damages and pollution;
– Work of the double-thread valve.
For check of the on-off valve slightly blow in it from outside entrance and target branch pipes. If air passes after small resistance, the valve is serviceable.
Installation
Be convinced that the lining is reliably pasted to a tank then establish a tank and tighten самоконтрящиеся nuts of fastening of collars.
Attach a modulation hose to a tank and a bulk mouth, having inserted it on depth about 40 mm.
Attach to a tank a bulk hose its shorter, not goffered part.
Attach пароотводный a hose.
Attach to the fuel pump a high pressure hose, without supposing it перекручивания.
Connect a contact socket of the fuel pump.